Concepts

Components

Table 1. Hop Components
Name Description Since

Hop UI

Hop UI is the visual IDE where Workflow and Pipeline developers create, test and run their work before the code is ready to be deployed.

0.1

Hop Server

Hop Server is a lightweight web server that allows to run Workflows and Pipelines through a REST api.

0.1

Hop CLI

Hop CLI is a command line interface (CLI) for headless execution of Workflows and Pipelines

0.1

Item types

Table 2. Hop Item Types
Name Description Since

Workflow

A Workflow is a sequence of operations that are performed sequentially by default (with optional parallel execution). Workflows usually do not operate on the data directly, but perform orchestration tasks. Typical tasks in a Workflow consist of retrieving and archiving data, sending emails, error handling etc. )

0.1

Pipeline

Pipelines are the actual data workers. Operations in a Pipeline read, modify, enrich, clean and write data. Orchestration of Pipelines is done through othere Pipelines and/or Workflows.

0.1

Action

An Action is one operation performed in a Workflow. Actions are executed sequentially by default, with parallel execution as a configuration option. An Action returns a true or false exit code, which can be used (or ignored) in the Workflow’s execution.

0.1

Transform

A Transform is a unit of work performed in a Pipeline. Typical Transform operations are reading data from files, databases, performing lookups or joins, enriching, cleaning data and more. All transforms in a Pipeline are executed in parallel. Transforms process data and move batches of processed data on Hops for processing by subsequent Actions.

0.1

Hop

A Hop links Actions in a Workflow or Transforms in a Pipeline. In Workflows, Hops operate based on the exit status of previous Actions, Hops in Pipelines pass data between Transforms.

0.1

Workflow
Pipeline

Environment

The Hop Environment allows data developers to manage development, acceptance and production environments with their configurations and variables. Each environment will remember your opened files, their zoom level and other UI settings.

Environment Examples

Metadata

The Hop Metadata is the central storage repository for shared metadata like relational database connections, run configurations, servers, git repositories and so on. The Metastore uses the following elements:

  • Object types: Object types have a key, a name and (optionally) a description.

  • Objects: Every object type can have any number of objects which are identified their name

Hop plugins can define their own metadata object types so depending on the installed plugins you can find extra types.

Various

The following items are an alphabetically ordered list of concepts that are used throughout Hop and will be mentioned at various locations in the Hop tools and documentation.

Table 3. Various Hop Concepts
Concept Description

Lazy Loading

If enabled, all data conversions (character decoding, data conversion, trimming, …​) for the data being read will be postponed as long as possible, effectively reading the data as binary fields. Enabling lazy conversion can significantly decrease the CPU cost of reading data.

When to avoid: if the data conversion needs to be performed later in the stream anyway, postponing the conversion may slow things down instead of speeding up.

Use cases where Lazy Conversion may speed things up:

- data is read and written to another file without conversion

- data needs to be sorted and doesn’t fit in memory. In this case, serialization to disk is faster with lazy conversion because encoding and type conversions are postponed.

- bulk-loading to database without the need for data conversion. Bulk loading utilities typically read text directly and the generation of this text is faster (this does not apply to Table Output).